Liability from On-site Employee Fitness Centers

MyTPG Blog
Published: 04/28/21 5:00 AM

Title image for Liability from On-site Employee Fitness Centers showing two men jumping rope in a small enclosed gym.

Liability from On-site Employee Fitness Centers

This article was published on: 04/28/21 5:00 AM

On-site employee fitness centers can be a powerful way to improve productivity, reduce time away from work, promote wellness and recruit top talent; however, they also present a serious liability exposure. Take steps to reduce your liability for employee injuries beyond a simple waiver, which may not hold in court depending on the state of litigation and whether the company is found to have staffed the facility with untrained workers or furnished it with poor equipment. Designing the fitness center to be safe for those who use it and transferring risk with an appropriate insurance package are important parts of risk management for your on-site fitness center.

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This Risk Insights is not intended to be exhaustive nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as legal advice. Readers should contact legal counsel or an insurance professional for appropriate advice.

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A common misconception is that a liability waiver prevents lawsuits. In reality, it doesn’t, and the enforceability of the waiver in court depends largely on its specific wording and the particular legal requirements of the state. The waiver is meaningless without proper wording and compliance with applicable state law. Although waivers do lessen liability under certain circumstances—and are an integral part of a fitness center risk management program—it is important to review a waiver with legal counsel to ensure its effectiveness and compliance with state laws.


If you choose not to staff the on-site fitness center, users are more at risk of injury. If practicable, conduct live orientation sessions to demonstrate proper techniques while informing employees about policies and procedures for using the facility. If not, inform employees clearly of policies and procedures before they begin use and post clear illustrations and signs instructing them on proper use.

Maintaining the Fitness Center

The best way to deal with injuries at your on-site fitness center is to prevent them. Injuries cannot be avoided entirely, but they can be minimized:

  • Follow the American College of Sports Medicine’s Health/Fitness Facility Standards and Guidelines.
  • Ensure that all employees undergo a health screening before beginning use of the fitness center.
  • Avoid installing high-risk equipment, such as free weights.
  • Keep ample space between fast-moving equipment, such as treadmills, and other objects.
  • Maintain equipment according to manufacturer’s instructions, and keep a thorough maintenance log.

On-site employee fitness centers have many important benefits and can be a positive addition, but they also present serious liability exposures.

Discrimination Claims

It is also important to consider disabled or overweight employees. Leaving disabled workers out or creating a perceived discrimination against obese workers by providing a fitness center could lead to discrimination claims. Explore this possibility and account for it in your internal communication efforts regarding the fitness center.

Transfer Risk

The insurance professionals at TPG Insurance Services can help you develop an appropriate liability insurance package for your on-site fitness center. Review your policy carefully each year, and be sure to inform us about changes in the way you run the fitness center so we can make sure your coverage and risk management programs are up to date.

You can contact us at 909.466.7876 or visit our web page IIPP Development to learn more and make a safety program tailored for your business!

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